Confidence remains in property prices - REINZ
Median prices for residential property across New Zealand increased by 25.5 per cent from $677,400 in August 2020 to a record $850,000 in August 2021.
This is according to the latest data from the Real Estate Institute of New Zealand (REINZ).
Four out of 16 regions reached new record median prices and 25 districts reached new record median highs.
The median house price for New Zealand excluding Auckland increased by 22.8 per cent from $570,000 in August last year to a new record of $700,000 in August 2021.
Auckland again underpinned the strength in the New Zealand median, hitting a record median house price in August of $1,200,000 - up 26.4 per cent from $949,500 in August 2020.
This growth was reflected throughout the region with 5 out of 7 districts reaching new record median prices – Rodney District ($1,280,000), Manukau City ($1,157,000), Waitakere City ($1,120,000), Franklin District ($950,000) and Papakura District ($940,000).
In addition to Auckland, 3 other regions reached record median prices in August.
- Waikato: with a 23.8 per cent increase from $630,000 in August 2020 to a new record of $780,000 in August 2021. Additionally, Hamilton City ($840,000), Hauraki District ($620,000), Matamata-Piako District ($755,000) and Taupo District ($790,000) all reached record median highs
- Manawatu/Wanganui: with a 35.3 per cent increase from $451,000 in August 2020 to a new record of $610,000 in August 2021. Additionally, Horowhenua District ($625,000), Palmerston North City ($720,000), Ruapehu District ($446,000), Tararua District ($476,000) and Whanganui District ($560,000) all reached record median prices
- Canterbury: with a 24.3 per cent increase from $498,000 in August 2020 to a new record of $619,000 in August 2021. Additionally, Christchurch City ($650,000), Kaikoura District ($675,000) and Waimakariri District ($645,000) all reached record median prices.
REINZ chief executive Jen Baird says house prices have once again risen across the country, with every region seeing a year-on-year increase from August 2020.
She says this latest lockdown has not dampened demand for, or confidence in, the housing market as we saw in early 2020.
"We have heard from across the industry that prices achieved on sales completed in the early part of this lockdown continue to illustrate an ongoing excess of demand over supply; prices are still rising.
"The strength of the market sees the REINZ House Price Index reach a new high nationally. Nine of the 12 regions across New Zealand reached a record level in August, showing that the underlying value of property is holding strong.
"Looking at Auckland, we’ve seen another record median price, the ninth record in the last 12 months – this growth is spread across the region with five of the seven districts reaching new record median prices in Augus."
Number of sales decreases across most of New Zealand
The number of residential properties sold in August across New Zealand decreased by 26.5 pre cent when compared to the same time last year (from 7828 to 5753) – this was the fewest properties sold for an August month since 2014.
Although lockdown has an impact on sales processes and buyers’ ability to physically view property in the final two weeks of August – the average number of sales made each day during the Alert Level 4 period decreased 24.0 per cent from an average of 208 properties per day pre-lockdown (1 August – 17 August), to 158 properties per day during lockdown (18 August – 31 August).
This is testament to the investment made by real estate firms in technology and new ways of working in the aftermath of the 2020 outbreak.
For New Zealand excluding Auckland, the number of properties sold in August decreased by 33.7 per cent when compared to the same time last year (from 5139 to 3407) – the fewest properties sold for an August month since 2014.
In Auckland, the number of properties sold in August decreased by 12.8 per cent year-on-year (from 2689 to 2346).
"This is a smaller decrease than that of New Zealand as a whole, indicating that the multiple lockdowns Auckland has experienced over the last 18 months may have set the region up well to deal with changes in alert levels, and buyers remained confident, however, if Alert Level 4 continues for much longer, we are likely to see a further drop in this activity through September," says Jen.
"While the number of properties sold across Auckland in August was fewer than in 2020, it was still higher than what we saw in 2016, 2017, 2018 and 2019."
Regions with the biggest annual percentage decrease in sales volumes were:
- Nelson: -50.0 per cent (from 106 to 53 – 53 fewer houses) – the lowest for an August month since records began
- Southland: -46.8 per cent (from 188 to 100 – 88 fewer houses) – the lowest for an August month since records began
- West Coast: -44.0 per cent (from 50 to 28– 22 fewer houses) – the lowest for an August month since 2014.
"As expected, the Alert Level 4 lockdown had an impact on the number of properties sold across New Zealand, with a 26.5 per cent decrease compared to August 2020. While this is largely down to the restrictions that were put in place from a lockdown perspective, New Zealand continues to have record low levels of inventory, meaning fewer properties available to buy," says Jen.
"The ability and confidence of people to buy and sell property within the alert level restrictions appears to differ across the country, which is reflected in the number of properties sold in each of the regions. Real estate agents have been through all of this before and are comfortable using digital solutions for much of the process, but we are hearing that some vendors and purchasers are less comfortable online, have less access to technology, and in some areas, poor connections, meaning they would prefer to wait until restrictions are lifted.
"For regions where connectivity rates are high, and where there have been at higher alert levels more often, we have seen a lower impact on the number of properties sold.
"The availability of property for sale continues to put a constraint on activity in the current market, with another record low level of inventory reported in August, down from the record low of July 2021.
"It is this time of year that people start to prepare their property for the usual increase in spring sales activity, and it is expected that this will be stronger this year as listing is delayed as a result of lockdown. We understand that vendors have been preparing their properties for market, to list once we reach a lower alert level – we expect to see the result of this in our September data."
REINZ HPI shows house values continue to trend upward in August
The REINZ House Price Index (HPI) for New Zealand, which measures the changing value of property in the market, again increased 31.1 per cent year-on-year to 4012 a new high on the index.
"This was the highest annual percentage increase in the HPI we’ve seen since records began and is the fifteenth consecutive month we’ve seen a new high," says Jen.
"This is the first time the New Zealand HPI has exceeded 4000, meaning property values have increased more than 300 per ecnt since the index began in 2003."
The HPI for New Zealand excluding Auckland showed house price values increased 33.8 per cent from August 2020 to 4,033 in August 2021, a new high on the index and the highest percentage increase since records began.
Auckland’s house price values increased 27.9 per cent year-on-year to 3985, a new record high.
Taranaki, Otago and Southland were the only regions to not reach a new high on the REINZ House Price Index in August.
Manawatu/Wanganui again had the highest annual growth rate in house price values with a 47.0 per cent increase to a new record index level of 5089.
In second place was Wellington with a 39.0 per cent increase and in third place was Bay of Plenty with a 37.5 per cent annual increase in house price values.
Median days to sell lowest for an August month since 2016
In August, the median number of days to sell a property nationally decreased 3 days from 33 days in August 2020, to 30 days in August 2021.
For New Zealand excluding Auckland, the median days to sell decreased by 3 days from 33 to 30, the lowest median days to sell for an August month since 2016.
Auckland saw the median number of days to sell a property decrease from 34 to 32 – the lowest for an August month since 2016.
Seven regions across the country had a median number of days to sell of 30 or less.
"We would expect the median days to sell a property will increase in the coming month as we see the roll-on effect of lockdown and delayed sales," says Jen.
Properties in Taranaki have sold at the fastest rate of any region in New Zealand, with the median number of days to sell at 26.
West Coast had the highest days to sell of any region in August at 44 days – the only region with median days to sell in excess of 40 days – however, this was the lowest median days to sell for the West Coast region for an August month since 2007.
Highest percentage of NZ homes sold by auction for an August month since records began
Auctions rooms may have gone quiet when Alert Level 4 came into effect, but the latest data indicates that this just meant a shift to the digital space, as August 2021 saw 26.0 per cent of all properties sold by auction.
This was the highest percentage of New Zealand homes sold by auction for an August month since records began.
"Auctions have been a popular method of sale for some time now, with August being no different. Conducting an auction is a great way to understand the value of a property in a fast-moving market, and even with August being in Alert Level 4 lockdown for half the month, auctions still made up more than a quarter of all sales," says Jen.
"Solutions have been found to running effective auctions online which has meant vendors have been able to continue their sales process and buyers have not lost any of the transparency an auction affords."
New Zealand excluding Auckland saw 16.7 per cent of properties sold by auction, up from 8.2 per cent in August last year - the highest percentage of auctions for an August month since records began.
Auckland had the highest percentage of auctions across the country with 39.5 per cent of properties selling under the hammer (927) up from 30.3 per cent (816) at the same time last year.
This was the highest percentage for an August month since 2016.
Bay of Plenty had the second highest percentage of auctions in New Zealand with 32.6 per cent (106) properties sold by auction in August up from 17.4 per cent in August 2020 (91 properties).
August saw the highest percentage of auction sales in an August month for the region since 2016.
Canterbury was in third place with 28.0 per cent (222 properties) sold by auction – up from 13.8 per cent (144 properties) in August last year.
This was the highest percentage of auction sales in an August month for the region since records began.
Shortage of houses available for sale continues – another record low level of inventory
The total number of properties available for sale in New Zealand decreased year-on-year by 31.9 per cent in August to 12,249, down from 17,974 in August 2020 – 5725 fewer properties compared to 12 months ago.
"This number is a 3.4 per cent decrease from July 2021. This is the lowest level of inventory we’ve ever seen in New Zealand (surpassing the previous record low set in July 2021 with 12,684)," says Jen.
"The record low levels of inventory were not a surprise this month. Although we normally experience a lift in listings in Spring, this has been delayed by lockdown as vendors are generally opting to prepare their properties now to launch at a lower alert level.
"This delay in new listings, coming off the back of record low levels of inventory in July, has meant a lower August than we anticipated."
For the fifth consecutive month, only one region saw an annual uplift in inventory levels - Gisborne with a 21.4 per cent increase in inventory levels from the same time last year (from 56 to 68 properties – 12 additional properties).
Regions with the largest percentage decrease in total inventory levels were West Coast -52.6 per cent (from 253 to 120 – 133 fewer properties), Nelson -50.9 per cent (from 320 to 157 – 163 fewer properties), Canterbury -49.6 per cent (from 2,427 to 1223 – 1204 fewer properties), and Northland -46.6 per cent (from 919 to 491 – 428 fewer properties).
Bay of Plenty, Canterbury, Nelson, Taranaki and the West Coast all experienced their lowest levels of inventory in August 2021.
Inventory data comes from realestate.co.nz.
$1m+ properties still holding strong
A total of 13.3 per cent (765 properties) of homes sold across New Zealand in August 2021 sold for less than $500,000.
This is a drop from 26.0 per cent of the market (2033 properties) in August 2020 and was a minor decrease from July 2021 where 14.8 per cent of properties sold for less than $500,000.
The number of properties sold in the $500,000 to $750,000 bracket fell from 32.2 per cent (2518 properties) to 25.8 per cent (1483 properties).
At the top end of the market, the percentage of properties sold for $1 million or more increased from 20.9 per cent (1634 properties) in August 2020 to 38.2 per cent (2200 properties) in August 2021 – the highest percentage of $1 million plus properties sold ever.