NZ has its warmest winter on record
The country has just had its warmest winter on record - beating the record set just last year.
Official climate data from Niwa shows June to August was 1.32C above average.
Meteorologist Nava Fedaeff says the last time a consecutive year beat its previous winter temperature record was in 1971.
She says there were 76 locations across the country that experienced a record or near-record warm winter.
Fedaeff says record-breaking temperatures 50 years ago are now considered near average, as seven of the 10 warmest winters have been since 2000.
Fedaeff delved into historic weather records and found that the last time New Zealand experienced a similar sequence of events was 50 years ago.
The winter of 1970 was at the time New Zealand's warmest winter on record only to be beaten by the winter of 1971.
"What was considered to be unusually warm at the time is no longer considered unusual. The winter of 1971 now stands in 13th place of the temperature rankings while the winter of 1970 is 18th."
Fedaeff said what may have been considered record-breaking in 1970 is now considered near average.
"For instance, the once record-breaking winter 1971 is 0.75C cooler than the winter we have just experienced."
The years 1970 and 1971, as well as the winters of 2020 and 2021 were influenced by La Niña featuring warm coastal waters, frequent high pressure and more northerly and north-easterly winds than normal.
"These similar winters, decades apart, show us that there are key natural ingredients to getting a warm winter but adding climate change to the mix is like taking the same recipe and swapping plain flour for self-raising."
Warmer spring than usual forecast
A warmer than usual spring is being forecast by Niwa.
Niwa predicts that unseasonably warm conditions at times this spring, particularly in the east of both islands.
It said despite this, cold spells and frosts may still occur occasionally, especially early in the season.
Niwa says spring rainfall is most likely to be below normal in the east of the North Island, near normal in the west of the South Island, and about equally likely to be near normal or below normal in all remaining regions across Aotearoa New Zealand.