New Zealand unprepared for unpredictable tornadoes
Meteorologists say predicting tornadoes is difficult and New Zealand does not have the technology to do it.
A tornado ripped through Papatoetoe and Wiri yesterday morning, damaging 1200 homes, 60 of which are uninhabitable.
A worker at a container freight hub in Wiri died in the high winds and two others were injured.
MetService had issued a thunderstorm warning for the area but in response to questions about why it did not forecast a tornado it said it does not have a warning system like the United States does.
NIWA meteorologist Richard Turner says predicting such events is challenging.
"Our technology in terms of our numerical weather forecasts are getting better, but then there's the real practical challenge of putting out warnings when tornadoes are actually occurring.
"In New Zealand they're very short-lived so by the time you get them out often the event has passed.
He says such technology could be developed in time.
"I think there's possibilities that with better computers, faster processes and the ability to resolve more detail in thunderstorms that we might get better at identifying which ones might be potentially more able to produce a tornado and what sort of intensity they would be.
"That's probably still a few years away, but that's probably where the science is taking us."
He says a lot of tornado activity went unreported because it happened in remote areas.
"So that's really quite difficult [when] you're wanting to develop forecasting techniques from numerical weather predictions or the like, you need to have really good data to backup your learning.
"The hope would be we might be able to have artificial intelligence or machine learning algorithms that could identify the signatures within a numerical weather forecast that that could identify the risk ... but in order to do that you need to have the data."
Meanwhile, the government is contributing $100,000 to support communities affected by yesterday's tornado in Papatoetoe, South Auckland.
"My heart goes out to the family and friends who have lost a loved one, and to those who have been injured," says Acting Minister for Emergency Management Kris Faafoi in a statement.
"I know this has been a distressing weekend for people in Auckland, with many lives disrupted, and many homes and businesses damaged."